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PneumoGenius®

Detection and quantification of Pneumocystis jirovecii and DHPS mutations

25 reactions

Products & Targets

Products

PN-600  PneumoGenius® kit (25 rxn)  

Targets

  • Pneumocystis jirovecii
  • DHPS mutations (codon 55 and 57)
  • Internal Control (IC)
  • Quantification standards:
  • Standard 1: 10000 copies/μl
  • Standard 2: 1000 copies/μl
  • Standard 3: 100 copies/μl
  • Standard 4: 10 copies/μl


Features and benefits

  • Aids in the diagnosis of Pneumocystosis
  • Direct detection in BAL samples
  • Quantification standards included
  • Sample-to-result in less than 3 hours
  • Sulfa drug resistance markers included (DHPS mutations)
  • High sensitivity due to detection of conserved multi copy genes (mtLSU)
  • Clinically validated on BAL samples (published data)


Real-time PCR instruments

  • LightCycler 480 II (Roche)
  • Rotor-Gene Q (Qiagen)
  • CFX96 (Biorad)
  • Quantstudio 5 (Thermo Fisher Scientific)
  • Mic qPCR (Bio Molecular Systems)


Diagnostic specimens

  • BAL samples


DNA extraction

  • NucliSENS EasyMAG (bioMérieux)
  • QIAamp® Blood minikit (Qiagen)


Quality

  • Validated on clinical samples (BAL)
  • Internal Control (IC) included
  • Positive Controls (PCs) included
  • Validated on EQA programmes of QCMD
  • CE-IVD marked

Background

Pneumocystis pneumonia, a (major) opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients, is caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii). The incidence of Pneumocystis pneumonia, which increased dramatically with the advent of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, has decreased in the industrialized world owing to the widespread use of sulfa drug prophylaxis and the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, P. jirovecii remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV/AIDS patients, as well as in non-HIV immunocompromised patients, in whom its diagnosis is difficult.
Current diagnosis of P. jirovecii is mostly done by direct microscopic examination of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples. The fungus is visualized using standard staining techniques or immunofluorescence staining.  The drawback of these methods is that diagnosis is difficult and requires specific skills, particularly when the fungal burden is low, which is mainly observed in non-HIV infected patients. Nowadays, (real-time) PCR is increasingly used for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia as this technique has an increased sensitivity compared to direct microscopic examination.

References

Montesinos et al., Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis, 2017;87(1):32-36

Gits-Muselliet al., MedicalMycology, 2019, 0, 1–10

PathoNostics Extraction kit

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